The word barbecue refers to a rack that holds meat for cooking, in which food is cooked over an open fire; especially a whole animal cadaver roasted on a spit road or meat that has been barbecued or grilled in a highly seasoned sauce over hot charcoal in an open place, cooked outdoors.
Grilling and roasting is popular since prehistoric age. Although people were aware of low-fire cooking technique they did not give any particular name for this process of cooking.
Original barbecues were done, using large cuts of meat in a closed pit and letting it cook directly without direct contact of fire but with a low heat and smoke of wood fire or charcoal. This process uses a temperature about 250 degrees C and takes a plenty of time to cook.
However, it is this slow and low heat application for an elongated time that helps breaking down the connective tissues turning tough cuts of meat into tender, enjoyable food.
Earlier barbecuing was necessary in poor man’s cooking reserve list, because the cheapest and toughest cuts of meat could be used. Prior to 19th Century barbecues were famous for feeding a large group of people, which is why the meat of larger animals like cows and pigs were preferred in place of smaller animals like poultry.
Classic cuts of barbecue meats include
Shoulder and butt
Whole chicken and turkey.
Except chicken and turkey, other cuts of meat tend to be tougher because of excessive fat and connective tissue in them.